Updated July 07, 2022

Alabama deed forms allow for a buyer and seller to transfer the interest of ownership in real estate and convey the property. The type of deed depends on the situation and the title of the property. All deeds filed in Alabama must be met with the Grantor(s) signing in front of a notary public or two (2) witnesses along with the Real Estate Sales Validation (Form RT-1) to be completed when filing with the Probate County Judge’s Office .

Laws –  Title 35 (Property), Chapter 4 – Conveyances and Creation of Estates  (§§ 35-4-1 — 35-4-435)


Real Estate Sales Validation (Form RT-1)  ( § 40-22-1 ) – Required to be completed and filed along with every deed.

Recording  ( Ala. Code 1975 § 35-4-50 ) – All deeds must be recorded in the office of the County Probate Judge .

Signing ( Ala.Code 1975  §§ 35-4-20 35-4-23 ) – A Grantor who is able to write their name must complete and sign this form in the presence of either one (1) witness or a notary public. If the Grantor is unable to write their own name or refuses to do so, then the execution must be attested by two (2) witnesses or a notary public.

Deed Types

General Warranty – The most common as it is widely used for purchase and sale agreements for a standard real estate transfer. This type guarantees the title to the new owner and that no previous owner shall have any claims to the property.

Quit Claim  – Widely used when the owner of the property is known and the transfer occurs with no guarantee to the title of the current or previous owners.

Special Warranty  – Transfers title with limited liability as the current Grantor will guarantee that they shall make no claims to the property but this does not cover any potential defects caused before the time the Grantor owned the real estate.

Alabama Property Search

Step 1 – Go to this webpage and select the County where the property is located (for these instructions, we chose Baldwin County ).

Screenshot of county offices/appraisal & assessment records page

Step 2  – After selecting your County, you are automatically shown the County’s contact information (seen below). Select “Visit Baldwin County’s Online Record Search” to proceed.

screenshot showing highlighted box around

Step 3  – This page contains a number of search options. From the list of available options, select “Deeds & Records”.

Baldwin County Search Page

Step 4  – At this juncture, you are able to make your query and search by any of the following routes:

  • Grantor or Grantee Name (Last, First);
  • Partial Name Search;
  • Book/Page/Extension Number;
  • Section/Township/Date Range;
  • Subdivision; or
  • Instrument Number

Baldwin County Judge of Probate Record Lookup

Step 5  – View your results and select the one that matches your query by clicking on the  blue link under the “Name” heading.

Baldwin County, Alabama Sample Search Results

Step 6  – Now you may view all the information about the real property, which includes the following: Date filed, Instrument Date, Book and Page, Instrument Number, Value, Mineral Acres, Lots, Grantor, Title Agency (Filed by), Grantee, Remarks, and any attached descriptions.

Sample Deed Information